1 An Introduction to Endangered Animals Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 2 Endangered Species Act The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was passed in 1973 to protect both plant and animal species that are at risk for becoming extinct. Species are protected under the ESA are classified as Endangered or Threatened depending on how many are left in the wild and how bad their survival is threatened. An Endangered species is one that is in danger of becoming extinct in large portion of the areas where it lives. Threatened species are those that are likely to become Endangered in the foreseeable future. Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 3 Listing Species For a species to be put on the ESAs list the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) has a few steps it needs to follow. 1. When a species is proposed to be listed as Threatened or Endangered the FWS announces the proposal in the Federal Register a publication of the US government. 2. The public then comments on the proposal for a certain period of time and lets the FWS know whether they agree or disagree with the proposal. 3. Finally the FWS decides whether to approve revise or withdraw the proposal. This same process is used when it is proposed that a species be taken off the list (delisting) or reclassified. A species is proposed for delisting when it appears to have recovered enough to no longer need protection under the ESA. A species is proposed for reclassification if the status of the species worsens or if it improves. The process of listing delisting or reclassifying a species can take a year or longer. Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 4 Number of Endangered Animals As of May 31 2000 there were 1051 animal species that were protected by the Endangered Species Act. 368 animals are listed as Endangered in the US and 518 are listed as Endangered in other countries. In addition 128 animals are Threatened in the United States and 37 in foreign countries. Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 5 Some Endangered Animals in the United States American Crocodile Black-Footed Ferret Florida Panther Manatee Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 6 Some Endangered Animals Outside the U.S. Rhinoceros (Africa and Asia) Giant Panda (Asia) Armadillo (South America) Tasmanian Forester Kangaroo (Australia) Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 7 The Bald Eagle The bald eagle became our national symbol in 1782. However during the 19th and 20th centuries they were shot as pests or threats to livestock and as Americas wilderness disappeared so did their habitat. Dangerous pesticides (DDT) that were being sprayed after World War II decreased the eagle populations even more. Then in 1967 bald eagles became a protected species under the Endangered Species Preservation Act which came before the ESA. Citizens became worried about the extinction and made efforts in conservation. In 1972 most uses of DDT were banned. This was followed by efforts to protect habitats and reintroduce the birds throughout their former areas. Finally in July of 1995 the bald eagle was officially reclassified from Endangered to Threatened status throughout the nation. Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 8 What Can You Do The bald eagle is proof that conservation efforts work and that we really can save species habitats and ecosystems if we have the will. From the U.S. World Wildlife Fund website Pennies for the Planet 5 Ways Kids Can Help Save The World (which means saving animal habitats) Collecting Cans Bear Cub Scouts from Pack 168 in Carlisle Pennsylvania raised 35 for Pennies by collecting aluminum cans. For six months the pack collected rinsed out stomped and recycled a total of 2040 cans. In the process of keeping the cans from being added to a trash heap the 8-year-olds also benefited from a tour of the recycling center and learned how the raw materials salvaged from the recycling process were used. Passing on Presents Twins Abigail and Emily of Hamden Connecticut asked guests at their seventh birthday party to contribute half of what they would have spent on gifts to the Pennies campaign. By making a small sacrifice Abigail and Emily were able to make a big contribution--a check for 200. Festival of Fun(draising) Martha a third grader from Candia New Hampshire put together a Ranger Festival with crafts games and raffles. She created a sign that said Welcome to Marthas Ranger Festival! You can visit Asia Africa and North America. Dont forget to get your passport stamped. Through her festival Martha raised 151.85. Puppets for Pennies First graders at the Floral Street Elementary School in Shrewsbury Massachusetts created origami snap puppets and finger puppets that represented animals in the featured Pennies ecoregions. Combined with pennies brought in by classmates and money earned from a bake sale the first-grade puppeteers raised 522.50. A-Plus Project For her eighth-grade project Elizabeth from Portland Oregon coordinated a fundraising dinner with proceeds going to the Pennies ecoregions. With attendance of 58 people she raised more than 1000! Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 9 Self-Check The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was passed in 1975 to protect only animal species that are at risk for becoming extinct. True False Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 10 Self-Check CORRECT! The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was actually passed in 1973 and protects both plant and animal species that are at risk for becoming extinct. Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 11 Self-Check There are over 1000 animal species protected by the Endangered Species Act. True False Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 12 Self-Check CORRECT! As of May 31 2000 there were 1051 animal species that were protected by the Endangered Species Act. Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 13 Self-Check Self-Check The Rhinoceros and the Giant Panda are both listed as Endangered animals in the continent of Asia. True False Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 14 Self-Check CORRECT! The Rhinoceros is listed as Endangered in both Africa and Asia and the Giant Panda is Endangered in Asia. Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 15 Self-Check The bald eagle is proof that conservation efforts work and that we can save species habitats and ecosystems. Even the youngest of people can make a difference by doing something as small as saving money cleaning up their community or participating in the WWF Pennies for the Planet. True False Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 16 Self-Check CORRECT! Everyone can make a difference!!!! Penni es fot the Planet is World Wildlife Funds annual program for kids designed to educate about biodiversity and conservation. Each year the program focuses on a few global areas in need of special attention. All contributions go directly to support projects that protect the habitats and species living in those areas. Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 17 Bibliography Sources I used to complete this activity AMNH Expedition Endangered! 1996. The American Museum of Natural History. 3 April 2003 lthttp//www.amnh.org/nationalcenter/Endangered/ind ex.htmlgt. Pennies for the Planet 2002-2003. 2003. World Wildlife Fund. 3 April 2003 lthttp//www.worldwildlife.org/windows/penniesgt. Protection of Endangered Species. 2001. Defenders of Wildlife. 3 April 2003 lthttp//www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/esa.htmlgt. Kids Planet ESPECIES Animal Fact Sheets. 2001. Defenders of Wildlife. 3 April 2003 lt http//www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/map.htmlgt. Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help 18 References Sources that students can use Kids Planet. 2003. Defenders of Wildlife. 3 April 2003 lthttp//www.kidsplanet.orggt. Reference Resources Endangered Animals. 2002. Linda Guterba. 3 April 2003 lthttp//www.kidinfo.com/s cience/Endangered_animals.htmlgt. Endangered Species Information. 2003. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 3 April 2003 lthttp//endangered.fws.gov/wildlife.htmlgt. Wexo John Bonnett et al. Endangered Animals. California Zoobooks/Wildlife Education 2001. Wright Alexandra. Will We Miss Them Endangered Species. Massachusetts Charlesbridge Publishing 1993. National Wildlife Federation. Endangered Species Wild and Rare. Ontario McGraw-Hill Trade 1997. Self Check ESA Animals Bald Eagle Your Help
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