Orthopedic Impairment means a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a childs educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly impairments caused by disease (e.g. poliomyelitis bone tuberculosis) and impairments from other causes (e.g. cerebral palsy amputations and fractures or burns that cause contractures). Sec 300.8 (c) (8)
http//idea.ed.gov/explore/view/p/2Croot2Cregs2 C3002CA2C300252E82C 4 New Mexico
Accepts the federal definition under IDEA
Clarifies the definition in NM TEAM April 2007 Article by stating
an orthopedic impairment involves a chronic physical or structural limitation of the skeleton joints muscles and/or fascia. This may cause impaired ability to use move or control the arms legs hands feet head neck and/or trunk resulting in difficulty in the performance of gross-motor and/or fine-motor activities. Disabilities may be congenital or acquired anomalies excluding traumatic brain injury.
NM TEAM Orthopedic Impairment Section April 2007 p. 90 5 Do Children with Orthopedic Impairments automatically qualify for special education
Have a disability as defined by IDEA
Must affect academic achievement
6 ADA and Section 504
Except for accessibility of buildings and modifications and accommodations in testing Section 504 and ADA provide few protections and limited benefits to children with disabilities.
This impairment must substantially limit at least one major life activity. Major life activities include walking seeing hearing speaking breathing learning reading writing performing math calculations working caring for oneself and performing manual tasks. The key is whether the child has an impairment that substantially limits . . . one or more . . . major life activities.
Highly contagious infectious disease caused by 3 types of poliovirus
Virus that causes destruction to nervous system paralysis
95 of cases produces no symptoms (asymptomatic)
4-8 cases produces symptoms (symptomatic)
10 Cerebral Palsy
Group of chronic conditions that affect body movements and muscle coordination
Caused by damage to one or more specific areas of brain (usually during fetal development)
More people in U.S. have cerebral palsy than other development disability.
11 Brachial Plexus/Erbs Palsy
Brachial Plexus Injury nerve injury
Nerve that control muscles in shoulders arm or hand are damaged causing muscles to be paralyzed
If arm of newborn is weak child may have Brachial Plexus Palsy.
12 Muscular Dystrophy
Group of genetic diseases by weakness and degeneration of skeletal muscles that controlled movement
9 types (all loss of strength increase disability and deformity)
3 most common Duchenne facioscapulohumeral and myotonic
13 Spinal Cord Injury
No cure at present
Spinal cord begins with sudden traumatic blow that fractures or dislocates vertebrae
Damage begins when bone fragments or disc materials are displaced bruises
Injury cause fractures that destroy axons (axons carry signals up and down spinal cord) resulting in paralysis
Gender comparison 2006 For every 100 girls with orthopedic impairment 118 boys have orthopedic impairments (Tom Mortenson)
In 2002 New Mexico had 5207 children with Disabilities 217 of those children had an Orthopedic Impairment.
U.S. and outlying areas (Guam PR Virgin Islands North Marianas America Samoa) 9636 children had Orthopedic impairments and were being served under IDEA out of 647420 total children with disabilities.
15 Children and students served under IDEA Part B by disability category and state fall 2002 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Most children who are getting special education because of an orthopedic impairment in the U.S. in 2002 are 11 years old. 16 References
http//idea.ed.gov/explore/view/p/2Croot2Cregs2 C3002CA2C300252E82C IDEA Law
http//www.ped.state.nm.us/seo/technical_assistanc e/NMTeamManual62907.pdf NM TEAM Article
http//www.wrightslaw.com/info/sec504.summ.rights. htm ADA Section 504
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