1 Where and When Teens First Have Sex 2 This Presentation Covers 2 Areas
Why we should be concerned about where and when teens first have sex
Major findings from recent Campaign publications produced through PWWTW
3 Teen Pregnancy in the United States 4 Some good news After increasing 23 percent between 1972 and 1990 (including 10 percent between 1987 and 1990) the teen pregnancy rate for girls aged 15-19 decreased 28 percent between 1990 and 2000 to a record low. Henshaw S. (2003). U.S. teenage pregnancy statistics with comparative statistics for women aged 20-24. New York The Alan Guttmacher Institute. 5 More Good News
Teen pregnancy and birth rates are down.
Decreasing percentage of teens who have ever had sex (16).
Decreasing percentage of teens with four or more partners (24).
Increasing condom use (25).
Note changes over 1991-2001 from the YRBS high school students in grades 9-12.)
6 Some Bad News
The U.S. still has the highest rate of teen pregnancy in the industrialized world.
7 34 of Girls Get Pregnant at Least Once Before the Age of 20 Source National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy analysis of Henshaw S.K. U.S.. Teenage Pregnancy Statistics New York Alan Guttmacher Institute May 1996 and Forrest J.D. Proportion of U.S. Women Ever Pregnant Before Age 20 New York Alan Guttmacher Institute 1986 unpublished. 8 This translates into
About 850000 pregnancies to teens per year in the US.
Almost 100 teen girls get pregnant each hour.
9 Where and When Teens First Have Sex MAJOR FINDINGS 9 10 Information from PWWTW Issue Brief
Science Says Where and When Teens First Have Sex.
Developed by Child Trends and the National Campaign.
Based on data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97) Waves 1-4.
11 Why Care About Where and When Teens First Have Sex
Almost half (47) of high school-aged teens in the U.S. have had sex.
A 2002 National Campaign survey found that 67 of teens aged 12-19 wish they had waited longer before having sex.
Knowing where and when its happening can inform efforts to delay first sex.
12 Where Teens First Have Sex
Two-thirds of 16-18 year olds who had sex in 2000 said they first had sexual intercourse in their family home their partners family home or a friends house.
13 Where Teens First Have Sex (16-18 Year Olds)
14 Where Gender Differences
Teens first sexual experience is most likely to occur in a male teens family home.
39 of teen females first have sex in their partners family home compared to 29 of teen males.
15 Where Age Differences
Younger teens are more likely to have first sex in their partners family home or their friends home.
For example 52 of sexually experienced 16-year-olds had first sex in a partner or friends family home compared with 38 of 18 year olds.
16 When Timing of First Sex
70 of teens had first sex in the evening or night.
42 had sex between 10pm and 7 am
28 between 6 pm and 10 pm.
June has the highest proportion of first sex among teens (13.7 of teens reported first sex)
17 When Race/Ethnicity 18 Where and When Teens First Have Sex IMPLICATIONS 18 19 Adults Take Notice
Lots of unsupervised time increases the likelihood of teens having sex.
Keep teens engaged in adult-supervised activities.
20 Adults Take Notice Parents
Teens first sexual experience may occur at home when parents are there.
Parents should be aware of childrens activities and make their presence known.
Make sure an adult is home when kids are at a girlfriend/boyfriend/friends house.
21 Adults Take Notice Parents
Closeness between parents and their children is associated with reduced risk of early sex and teen pregnancy.
Shared activities parental care and concern and a presence in the home are key.
22 Adults Take Notice Program Leaders
After school evening and weekend programs for teens can help prevent teen pregnancy.
Reviews of evaluated programs suggest they can delay sex and reduce sexual risk taking.
Such programs reduce unsupervised time and help teens prepare for the future.
23 Bottom Line.
There is much we can do collectively to minimize the opportunities for early sex among teens.
24 For more information Thank You!
25 Putting What Works to Work (PWWTW) 26 PWWTW What
Cooperative Agreement funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Goal Enhance the ability of state and local organizations to incorporate science-based approaches into their teen pregnancy prevention efforts.
27 PWWTW How
Produce high-quality research-based user-friendly materials.
Use these materials to encourage states communities and national organizations to incorporate research-based practices into their work.
Go beyond the usual suspects and reach out to media executives state legislators funders and other opinion leaders.
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