3 Freudian Psychoanalysis General Comment --Deconstruction
Freud begins with a series of hierarchical oppositions
The first prior and richer The second negation or complication
Freud the first a special case of the fundamentals designated by the second term. (Jonathan Culler qud in Wright 124)
4 Freudian Psychoanalysis possible functions criticism
A. Psyche Id psychology Child development The theory of Oedipus complex and penis envy
-- helps explain gendering processes in patriarchal society.
-- Freuds limitations or our misunderstanding
-- inability to explain female sexuality--What do women want
-- its focus on infantile psychology. Between ordinary adult personality traits and infantile psychology there are layers upon layers of relationships experiences values and meanings.
5 Freudian Psychoanalysis possible functions criticism
B. Psychobiography and Art as Dream work.
-- psychobiography (treating artists as patients art as dream work and explaining art in terms of his/her life) can be reductive ignoring arts aesthetic aspects on the conscious level. (e.g. E. Bishops objectification/distantiation of her loss )
-- We can examine our own transference in reading.
-- interpretation of dream helps us understand the languages of dream.
6 Freudian Psychoanalysis possible functions criticism
C. Psychological Pattern Disorders
-- repression displacement/sublimation or fixation/regression
Disorder -- the return of the repressed through symptoms.
-- Helpful for character and self analysis
-- entering the symbolic order means having reality checks otherwise we may become psychotic.
7 Freudian Psychoanalysis Lacan
Add linguistic elements to Freuds analysis.
Barred subject S-ier/S-ied or S
The differences between need demand (with language) and desire.
The mother as feminine Other our needs for the others (objet a).
The three orders of human existence constant antagonism between the Real and the Symbolic our mirror images and the need to look.
--Is this another fiction
An example of controversies and continuation
9 Fetishism of Different Kinds
(Religious fetishism -- )
Commodity fetishism and Colonial fetishism
10 FETISHISMgeneral def.
Erotic fetishism-- the dependence on particular objects (part of a body or an inanimate object) to obtain sexual arousal.
Most common fetish objects are Female underwear Leatherwear and Rubber. Using female underwear for fetishistic purposes is one reason for partial cross-dressing. http//www.schools-out.org .uk/san_definitions.html
Material Fetishism - leather- fur- velvet (e.g. Blue Velvet)
12 Erotic fetishism- Examples
Body Fetishism - legs/feet - hair- nails/claws - belly buttons
Other Fetishism- manaquins/robots- cross dressing
13 Erotic fetishism- Freuds analysis
Disavowal The little boy sees the mothers genitals and simultaneously denies his perception of her castration.
//his castration fear
Solution -- denial/acceptance of her castration and by extension his own by finding a substitute.
A substitute for the mothers missing penis
Linked metonymically to the female genitalia
Never the same as the original which is a fiction. (imaginary phallus or phallic mother)
14 Erotic fetishism- Reasons
eroticizes an object or a non-genital part of ones body
allows the boy to remain intimate with the phallic mother while at the same time enter the symbolic accepting the fathers law and developing his masculinity.
Lacans example Little Harry (Grosz 119-20)
Is fetishism all about need for power and identification
Are we all fetishists one way or another
15 Fetishism example
Fazios Mistress 1863.D.G.Rossetti
16 Erotic fetishism- Extention
Visual Pleasures in Hollywood films
the camera takes a male perspective watching female stars as passive object of look
Satisfy two kinds of desire
Male voyeurism peeping in order to possess
Fetishism --look and identify with the glamorized female stars
-- fetishizing womens body on the screen in order to project them as phallic mother (//e.g. film noire the woman has to be a lack losing memory of her identity.)
17 Erotic fetishism- Criticism
Reflects Freuds emphasis of--
Female castration male castration anxiety
Freuds privileging the phallus
1. Rejection fetishism coincides with the norm of phallocentrism.
2. Female fetishism e.g. collection of memorabilia self-fetishization
3. Rewriting female disavowalwomen disavow their own castration through narcissism or hysteria. It also explains female development of lesbianism.
18 Examples for analysis Mulholland Dr. its Narcissistic Elements
As a revision of film noire it has a woman but not a man in pursuit of a femme fatale (who is mysterious and amnesiac).
The fetishistic images in the film turn to be those of herself.
Mirror/reality forms a vicious circle and there is no outlet for her.
19 Greta Garbo vs. Diane 20 Rene Magritte The Dangerous Liaisonhttp//bert c.com/magritte_menu.htm
The woman hides behind a projected phallic image of herself. contradiction between soliciting gaze with the gesture of modesty and self-projection.
(Cf. Wright 185)
21 Fetishism Literary Examples
his male heroes all amputees. (Jake Barnes is missing his penis. Harry Morgan is missing his arm. Harry Walden has a gangrenous leg. Colonel Cantwell has been shot twice through the hand.)
a fear of castration envy of masculine grace.
an unsettling identification with the castrated woman which paradoxically intensifies castration anxiety. e.g.
22 Fetishism Literary Examples
-- Some fetishes may not be sexual in nature
-- green light in The Great Gatsby (national fetish)
-- commodity fetish (e.g. The commodities in such realist novels as Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath or Sister Carrie)
23 Fetishism of Other Kinds Colonial Fetish
sexual fetish the sexualized fetish of colonial discourse (Homi Bhabha)
in the ambivalent space in between
an imposed identity and the reality of their humanity for the colonized
between the recognized and the disavowed
between fear and desire for the colonizers.
The tropes of the sexual fetish are present in the colonial fetish but syncretized with certain tropes of colonialist experience and identity to embody the larger socio-political context of colonial relations.
24 Fetishism of Other Kinds Colonial Fetish
e.g.1. the image of the submissive and sweet Oriental woman (Madame Butterfly)
2. Jimmie Durham Self-Portrait (1986) Sexually powerful aborigine. -- sea shells for ears bits of animal hide hair one turquoise eye is just to show a little Indianness and the feathers revealed by an open chest cavity imply a certain light-heartedness. and defiantly large and colorful genitals.
25 Fetishism of Other Kinds Commodity Fetish
The charming and enigmatic nature of commodity
Exchange values added to it
relations between the products // relations between men
e.g. Cell phone Hello Kitty etc.
More next time.
27 ego psychology object-relations theory
Ego psychology deal with the management of fantasies for the maintenance of identity
(id psychology instinctual drives and private fantasies)
feelings about the mother projected to an external object multiple interactions with the object establish ones relations with reality.
28 Combined with Marxism
The symbolic order filled with signs of ideologies
Commodity as a sublime object of our desire (to hide the inner split in us).
Analyzing cultural symptoms. e.g. the need for stigmatization when SARRS occurs.
Treating Psychoanalysis as a discourse that gets form when traditional families are challenged. (e.g. Foucault)
Psychoanalytic Criticism A Reappraisal
by Elizabeth Wright. Polity1998.\
Elizabeth Grosz Jacque Lacan A Feminist Introduction
30 Next Week
Reader chap 5 to p. 214
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