1 FUTURE FOR OFFSHORE WIND ENERGY IN SPAIN Félix Avia Aranda Wind Energy Department 2 Total wind power installed in Spain at the end of 2006 was 11615 MW. Spain does not yet have any offshore wind power plant. 3
Promoters are focused in the installation of wind farms onshore. Onshore wind resources have the potential to cover the maximum wind power allowed to be integrated in the present Spanish grid.
Spanish waters are generally deeper than those on the North European cost.
Regulations for permission installation are complex and not friendly application.
Last but not least same feed-in price that for on onshore wind farms.
4 EXISTING POTENTIAL - 2050 5 OFFSHORE PROJECTS IN PLANNING STATE 31 projects presented for permission on the cost of Galicia (7) Andalucia (17) Cataluña (4) Valencia (3) and Murcia (1) for a total of 2800 MW 6 ROYAL DECREE FOR OFFSHORE WIND FARMS REGULATION
In December 2005 a draft Royal Decree (RD) was submitted by the Spanish Government to the main players and lobby groups to define the procedures conditions and criteria that are to govern the authorizations for the construction and extension of the wind farms. The minimum power capacity of an offshore wind farm it is fixed at 50 MW.
Six Ministers are involved in the process for authorization of a wind farm. The objective of this new RD is to establish a simplified procedure for offshore wind installations being the General Direction for Energetic Policy and Mines (DG PEM) depending of the Ministry of Industry Tourism and Trade the responsible that operates as the central institution in relationship to the many interests connected to the establishment of offshore wind power projects.
7 ROYAL DECREE FOR OFFSHORE WIND FARMS REGULATION 8 FEED-IN TARIF FOR WIND ENERGY The draft of the up-dated Royal Decree that regulates the activities of electricity production using renewable energies (RD 346) included for first time the regulation for the feed in price for the electricity produced by offshore wind farms That figures make attractive the future Spanish offshore market! 9 RD necessities for Offshore Wind Technology
Wind resource assessment.
Foundations and support structures.
Wind Turbine Customising
Sea Buried Cables and electrical substation.
Offshore Wind Farms Logistic.
Scientific And Technological Test Fields.
10 EOLIA Project-C.D.T.I. (2007-2011) Activities and Research lines 1. Environmental Impact Assessment 2. Methodologies for Sites Assessment on Deep Waters 3. Electrical Infrastructure Infield cables substations shore link cables etc 4. New WT concepts for Offshore Wind Power Plants 5. Offshore Support Structures/foundations for Deep Waters 6. New Technological Concepts for Floating Structures 7. Logistic tools Installation and Access vessels 8. Methodologies for OM of Offshore Wind Plants 9. Commercial Fisheries and Offshore Wind Farms 10. Options for Offshore Wind Plants Desalination Hidrogen Production etc 11 RD at CENER on OFFSHORE WIND
Wind resource assessment
Wind turbine design
Support structure desing
12 Conclusion Future seems attractive for Offshore Wind Farms in Spain! Thank you for your attention!
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